The information found on this site is the personal opinion of the authors, and is intended to educate and interest, rather than to direct clinical management for specific patients. Copyright is shared between the author/s and this site. You may reproduce this content as long as the original source is credited. No information on this site may be reproduced for profit.

References: Asthma ventilation strategies

 (1) Rust G, Zhang S, Reynolds J. Inhaled corticosteroid adherence and emergency department utilization among Medicaid- enrolled children with asthma. Journal of Asthma, 2013, 2013;50; Vol.50(7; 7):769; 769-775; 775.

(2) Variations in the prevalence of respiratory symptoms, self- reported asthma attacks, and use of asthma medication in the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS). The European respiratory journal 1996;9(4):687.

(3) Kaza V, Bandi V, Guntupalli KK. Acute severe asthma: recent advances. Curr Opin Pulm Med 2007;13(1):1.

(4) Goyal S, Agrawal A. Ketamine in status asthmaticus: A review. Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2013;17(3):154-161.

(5) Rodriguez-Roisin R, Ballester E, Roca J, Torres A, Wagner PD. Mechanisms of hypoxemia in patients with status asthmaticus requiring mechanical ventilation. Am Rev Respir Dis 1989;139(3):732-739.

(6) Strid JMC, Gammelager H, Johansen MB, Tønnesen E, Christiansen CF. Hospitalization rate and 30- day mortality among patients with status asthmaticus in Denmark: a 16- year nationwide population- based cohort study. Clinical epidemiology 2013;5:345.

(7) Chiang BL, Hsieh CT, Wang LC, Lee JH, Yu HH, Lin YT, et al. Clinical course and outcome of children with status asthmaticus treated in a pediatric intensive care unit: a 15-year review. J Microbiol Immunol Infect 2009 Dec;42(6):488-493.

(8) Sheikh S, Khan N, Ryan-Wenger NA, McCoy KS. Demographics, clinical course, and outcomes of children with status asthmaticus treated in a pediatric intensive care unit: 8-year review. J Asthma 2013 May;50(4):364-369.

(9) Carroll CL, Zucker AR. The increased cost of complications in children with status asthmaticus. Pediatr Pulmonol 2007 Oct;42(10):914-919.

(10) Stow PJ, Pilcher D, Wilson J, George C, Bailey M, Higlett T, et al. Improved outcomes from acute severe asthma in Australian intensive care units (1996–2003). Thorax 2007;62(10):842.

(11) Rampa S, Allareddy V, Asad R, Nalliah RP, Allareddy V, Rotta AT. Outcomes of invasive mechanical ventilation in children and adolescents hospitalized due to status asthmaticus in United States: a population based study. J Asthma 2015 May;52(4):423-430.

(12) Marquette CH, Saulnier F, Leroy O, Wallaert B, Chopin C, Demarcq JM, et al. Long-term prognosis of near-fatal asthma: a 6-year follow-up study of 145 asthmatic patients who underwent mechanical ventilation for a near-fatal attack of asthma. Am Rev Respir Dis 1992;146(1):76-81.

(13) Wade A, Chang C. Evaluation and treatment of critical asthma syndrome in children. Clin Rev Allergy Immunol 2015 Feb;48(1):66-83.

(14) Levy B, Kitch B, Fanta C. Medical and ventilatory management of status asthmaticus. Intensive Care Med 1998;24(2):105-117.

(15) Afessa B, Morales I, Cury JD. Clinical course and outcome of patients admitted to an ICU for status asthmaticus. CHEST Journal 2001;120(5):1616-1621.

(16) Newth CJ, Meert KL, Clark AE, Moler FW, Zuppa AF, Berg RA, et al. Fatal and near-fatal asthma in children: the critical care perspective. J Pediatr 2012;161(2):214-221. e3.

(17) Bratton SL, Odetola FO, McCollegan J, Cabana MD, Levy FH, Keenan HT. Regional variation in ICU care for pediatric patients with asthma. J Pediatr 2005;147(3):355-361.

(18) Roberts JS, Bratton SL, Brogan TV. Acute severe asthma: Differences in therapies and outcomes among pediatric intensive care units*. Crit Care Med 2002;30(3):581-585.

(19) Smyth RJ. Ventilatory care in status asthmaticus. Can Respir J 1998 Nov-Dec;5(6):485-490.

(20) Afzal M, Tharratt RS. Mechanical ventilation in severe asthma. Clin Rev Allergy Immunol 2001;20(3):385-397.

(21) Carroll CL, Smith SR, Collins MS, Bhandari A, Schramm CM, Zucker AR. Endotracheal intubation and pediatric status asthmaticus: site of original care affects treatment. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2007 Mar;8(2):91-95.

(22) Bratton SL, Newth CJL, Zuppa AF, Moler FW, Meert KL, Berg RA, et al. Critical care for pediatric asthma: wide care variability and challenges for study. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2012 Jul;13(4):407-414.

(23) Jagoda A, Shepherd SM, Spevitz A, Joseph MM. Refractory asthma, part 2: airway interventions and management. Ann Emerg Med 1997;29(2):275-281.

(24) Mutlu GM, Factor P, Schwartz DE, Sznajder JI. Severe status asthmaticus: management with permissive hypercapnia and inhalation anesthesia. Crit Care Med 2002;30(2):477-480.

(25) Corbridge TC, Hall JB. The assessment and management of adults with status asthmaticus. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1995 May;151(5):1296-1316.

(26) Georgopoulos D, Kondili E, Prinianakis G. How to set the ventilator in asthma. Monaldi Arch Chest Dis 2000 Feb;55(1):74-83.

(27) Freichels TA. Managing mechanical ventilation in status asthmaticus. Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing 1998;17(1):2-13.

(28) Cox RG, Barker GA, Bohn DJ. Efficacy, results, and complications of mechanical ventilation in children with status asthmaticus. Pediatr Pulmonol 1991;11(2):120-126.

(29) de Latorre FJ. Management of acute severe asthma. Resuscitation 2000;47(3):335-338.

(30) Broux R, Foidart G, Mendes P, Saad G, Fatemi M, D’Orio V, et al. Use of PEEP in management of life-threatening status asthmaticus: a method for the recovery of appropriate ventilation-perfusion ratio. Appl Cardiopulm Pathophysiol 1991;4(1):79-83.

(31) BARACH AL, Swenson P. Effect of breathing gases under positive pressure on lumens of small and medium-sized bronchi. Arch Intern Med 1939;63(5):946-948.

(32) Georgopulos D, Giannouli E, Patakas D. Effects of extrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure on mechanically ventilated patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and dynamic hyperinflation. Intensive Care Med 1993;19(4):197-203.

(33) Tuxen DV. Detrimental effects of positive end-expiratory pressure during controlled mechanical ventilation of patients with severe airflow obstruction. Am Rev Respir Dis 1989;140(1):5-9.

(34) Marini JJ. Should PEEP be used in airflow obstruction? Am Rev Respir Dis 1989;140(1):1-3.

(35) Wort S. The management of acute severe asthma in adults. Current Anaesthesia & Critical Care 2003;14(2):81-89.

(36) Akingbola OA, Simakajornboon N, Hadley Jr EF, Hopkins RL. Noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation in pediatric status asthmaticus. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2002 Apr;3(2):181-184.

(37) Nievas IFF, Anand KJS. Severe acute asthma exacerbation in children: a stepwise approach for escalating therapy in a pediatric intensive care unit. J pediatr pharmacol ther 2013 Apr;18(2):88-104.

(38) Petrillo T, Petrillo TM, Fortenberry JD, Linzer JF, Simon HK. Emergency Department Use of Ketamine in Pediatric Status Asthmaticus*. Journal of Asthma 2001;38(8):657-664.

(39) Werner HA. Status asthmaticus in children: a review. CHEST Journal 2001;119(6):1913-1929.

(40) Heshmati F, Zeinali MB, Noroozinia H, Abbacivash R, Mahoori A. Use of ketamine in severe status asthmaticus in intensive care unit. Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology 2003;2(4):175-180.

(41) Hendaus MA, Jomha FA, Alhammadi AH. Is ketamine a lifesaving agent in childhood acute severe asthma? Therapeutics and clinical risk management 2016;12:273.

(42) Sabato K, Hanson JH. Mechanical ventilation for children with status asthmaticus. Respir Care Clin N Am 2000 Mar;6(1):171-188.

(43) Bellomo R, McLaughlin P, Tai E, Parkin G. Asthma requiring mechanical ventilation. A low morbidity approach. CHEST Journal 1994;105(3):891-896.

(44) Richardson L, Jagoda A. Management of life-threatening asthma in the emergency department. Mt Sinai J Med 1997 Sep-Oct;64(4-5):275-282.

(45) Makic MBF, Rauen C, Jones K, Fisk AC. Continuing to challenge practice to be evidence based. Crit Care Nurse 2015 Apr;35(2):39-50.

(46) Snoek AP, Brierley J. Mucolytics for intubated asthmatic children: a national survey of United kingdom paediatric intensive care consultants. Crit Care Res Pract 2015;2015:396107.

(47) Rodrigo G, Rodrigo C, Pollack C, Rowe B. Helium-oxygen mixtures for non-intubated acute asthma patients. Cochrane Library. Issue 4. 2001.

(48) Jones Arthur P, Camargo Carlos A,Jr, Rowe Brian H. Inhaled beta2-agonists for asthma in mechanically ventilated patients. 2001(4).

 

The information found on this site is the personal opinion of the authors, and is intended to educate and interest, rather than to direct clinical management for specific patients. Copyright is shared between the author/s and this site. You may reproduce this content as long as the original source is credited. No information on this site may be reproduced for profit. 2018, paediatricfoam.com